Home > Aqida, Refutation > Answers to the 5 Major Objections of Salafis, Deobandis & Jamat Islamis on the Superiority of ‘Sayyids’

Answers to the 5 Major Objections of Salafis, Deobandis & Jamat Islamis on the Superiority of ‘Sayyids’

Answers to the 5 Major Objections of Salafis, Deobandis & Jamat Islamis on the Superiority of ‘Sayyids’

Objection 1: The Ayah presented by ‘Zayd’ is >
wيَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُم مِّن ذَكَرٍ وَأُنثَىٰ وَجَعَلْنَاكُمْ شُعُوبًا وَقَبَائِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوا ۚ إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِندَ اللَّـهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌy
“O people! We have created you from one man and one woman and made you in branches and tribes that you may recognize one another. Undoubtedly, the most respected among you in the sight of Allah is one who is more pious; Verily, Allah is Knowing, Aware.”
{Surah al Hujarat; 49: 13}
Answer 1: The meaning of this Ayah is not what ‘Zayd’ understood, that is, in Islam; the progeny of the Prophet  has no precedence or superiority over other progenies. If this had been the meaning of this Ayah then it will be against all those Ayahs which have been presented in the previous pages. Therefore, the meaning of this Ayah is that, ‘All Muslims are respectful irrespective of the tribe to which they belong. Do not think any Islamic tribe as dishonourable or disgraceful {‘Zaleel’} as was the custom among the Arabs <in pre-=”” islamic=”” times=””></in> that they used to consider some tribes as despicable or contemptible {‘Hakheer’} and dishonourable or disgraceful {‘Zaleel’}. Therefore, no tribe among the Muslims is dishonourable or disgraceful. Though, some are meritorious {‘Afzal’} than others. Allah Almighty  says:
wوَلِلَّـهِ الْعِزَّةُ وَلِرَسُولِهِ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَy
“……..The Honour is for Allah and His Messenger and Muslims……”
{Surah al Munafiqun; 63: 8}
In this Ayah, all Muslims are included. With out any doubt, you can understand it in this way that, ‘All Prophets are Respectful and even the smallest disrespect of any of them is Infidelity {‘Kufr’}. But, some Prophets are more meritorious than the others.’ Or in this way that, ‘No one should abandon piety {‘Taqwa’} due to genealogical superiority. Rather, it should be kept in mind that higher the piety, higher is the status of one before Allah Almighty . People with higher genealogies should have higher piety. Or the meaning of this Ayah may be that, one tribe or family should not taunt another tribe or family nor should think another Muslim as menial or base – born {‘Kameen’} nor should make fun of another Muslim due to his tribe or family. It is compulsory {‘Wajib’} to respect and revere every Muslim. The exegation {‘Tafsir’} of the above Ayah is this Ayah of the Holy Quran………..
wيَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا يَسْخَرْ قَوْمٌ مِّن قَوْمٍ عَسَىٰ أَن يَكُونُوا خَيْرًا مِّنْهُمْ وَلَا نِسَاءٌ مِّن نِّسَاءٍ عَسَىٰ أَن يَكُنَّ خَيْرًا مِّنْهُنَّ ۖ وَلَا تَلْمِزُوا أَنفُسَكُمْ وَلَا تَنَابَزُوا بِالْأَلْقَابِ ۖ بِئْسَ الِاسْمُ الْفُسُوقُ بَعْدَ الْإِيمَانِ ۚ وَمَن لَّمْ يَتُبْ فَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَy
“O Believers! Let not the men scoff at the men, perchance they may be better than those who scoff, and nor than those who scoff, and not the women at other women, perchance that they may be better than those women who scoff, and do not taunt one another and not call one another by nicknames. What a bad name it is to be called a Disobedient after being a Muslim, and those who do not repent, they are the unjust.”
{Surah al Hujarat; 49: 11}
Due the superiority of one family it does not become necessary that the other becomes dishonoured or disgraced {‘Zaleel’}. Therefore, the respected ‘Sa’adat’ do not have any right to consider other Muslims as despicable or contemptible {‘Hakheer’} and dishonourable or disgraceful {‘Zaleel’} because respect of every Muslim is compulsory. Similarly, other Muslims should respect and revere the ‘Sa’adat’ as they are the family of the Prophet . The Prophet  who taught us the ‘Kalima’ and bestowed us with Faith {‘Iman’} and Quran!

Objection 2: Some people get confused by this Ayah:
wلَن تَنفَعَكُمْ أَرْحَامُكُمْ وَلَا أَوْلَادُكُمْ ۚ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يَفْصِلُ بَيْنَكُمْ ۚ وَاللَّـهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِير y
“Never will you profit you, neither your dear ones nor your children on the Day of Judgement………”
{Surah al Mumtahina; 60: 3}
From this Ayah, we come to know that on the Day of Judgement {‘Qiyamah’}, neither genealogy will benefit nor children. The word ‘Arhamukum’ and ‘Awladukum’ includes all relatives and children whether they are of Prophets or Friends of Allah  {‘Awliya Allah’}.
Answer 2:
This Ayah addresses those Muslims whose relatives and children were Infidels {‘Kafirs’} and those Muslims who due to their relations with them used to support them. In this Ayah, it is said to such Muslims that in comparison to Islam do not support their relatives who are Infidels!
This Ayah does not have any connection with the relatives and righteous children of the respected Prophets because Allah Almighty  starts this same Paragraph {‘Ruku’} with this Ayah:
wيَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا عَدُوِّي وَعَدُوَّكُمْ أَوْلِيَاءَ تُلْقُونَ إِلَيْهِم بِالْمَوَدَّةِ وَقَدْ كَفَرُوا بِمَا جَاءَكُم مِّنَ الْحَقِّ يُخْرِجُونَ الرَّسُولَ وَإِيَّاكُمْ ۙ أَن تُؤْمِنُوا بِاللَّـهِ رَبِّكُمْ إِن كُنتُمْ خَرَجْتُمْ جِهَادًا فِي سَبِيلِي وَابْتِغَاءَ مَرْضَاتِي ۚ تُسِرُّونَ إِلَيْهِم بِالْمَوَدَّةِ وَأَنَا أَعْلَمُ بِمَا أَخْفَيْتُمْ وَمَا أَعْلَنتُمْ ۚ وَمَن يَفْعَلْهُ مِنكُمْ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ سَوَاءَ السَّبِيل ِy
“O Believers! Take not for friends My and your enemies, you deliver the news to them in friendship while they are deniers of the Truth that has come to you, and drive out the Messenger and you from homes because you believe in Allah, your Lord. If you have come out in My path to struggle and to seek My pleasure take them not for friends; you send them secret message of love, while I Know well what you conceal and what you reveal. And whoever of you does so, has, undoubtedly gone astray from the Straight path.”
{Surah al Mumtahina; 60: 1}
And this paragraph of the Holy Quran was revealed for Sayyiduna Hatib bin Abi Batl’a  who for the sake of protection of his near and dear ones used to spy for the Infidels of Makkah and send them in writing the secrets of Muslims as his children were with the Infidels in Makkah. It is in the last part of this Ayah that is,
w يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يَفْصِلُ بَيْنَكُمْ ۚ y
“On the Day of Judgement, He shall separate you from them…..”
{Surah al Mumtahina; 60: 3}
This clearly means that the Muslims will enter Paradise and the Infidels will enter Hell. Soon after this Ayah, Allah Almighty  informs Muslims of the incident of Sayyiduna Ibrahim  who for the sake of Islam had completely terminated his relationship with his people who were Infidels.
wقَدْ كَانَتْ لَكُمْ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ فِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ إِذْ قَالُوا لِقَوْمِهِمْ إِنَّا بُرَآءُ مِنكُمْ وَمِمَّا تَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّـهِ كَفَرْنَا بِكُمْ وَبَدَا بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكُمُ الْعَدَاوَةُ وَالْبَغْضَاءُ أَبَدًا حَتَّىٰ تُؤْمِنُوا بِاللَّـهِ وَحْدَهُ إِلَّا قَوْلَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ لِأَبِيهِ لَأَسْتَغْفِرَنَّ لَكَ وَمَا أَمْلِكُ لَكَ مِنَ اللَّـهِ مِن شَيْءٍ ۖ رَّبَّنَا عَلَيْكَ تَوَكَّلْنَا وَإِلَيْكَ أَنَبْنَا وَإِلَيْكَ الْمَصِيرُy
< “Undoubtedly, there was a good example to follow for you in Ibrahim and his companions, when they said to their people, ‘Undoubtedly, we quit you and that which you worship besides Allah. We deny you and there has appeared enmity and hatred between us and you for ever; until you believe in One Allah’, but the saying of Ibrahim to his father, ‘I will surely ask forgiveness for you, and I have no authority for you in anything against Allah.’ ‘O Our Lord! In You we put our trust and to You we turn, and to You is the final return.” {Surah al Mumtahina; 60: 4}>
From all these Ayahs, we come to know that the above mentioned Ayah is for relatives who are Infidels and the exegation {‘Tafsir’} of this Ayah are the following Ayahs of the Holy Quran.
wلَّا تَجِدُ قَوْمًا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّـهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ يُوَادُّونَ مَنْ حَادَّ اللَّـهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَلَوْ كَانُوا آبَاءَهُمْ أَوْ أَبْنَاءَهُمْ أَوْ إِخْوَانَهُمْ أَوْ عَشِيرَتَهُمْ ۚy
“You will not find people who believe in Allah and the Last Day taking as their friends those who opposed Allah and His Messenger, even though they be their fathers or their sons or their brothers or their kinsmen. <these are=”” those=”” in=”” whose=”” hearts=”” allah=”” has=”” inscribed=”” faith=”” and=”” helped=”” them=”” with=”” a=”” spirit=”” from=”” himself=”” will=”” make=”” enter=”” gardens=”” beneath=”” which=”” flow=”” streams=”” abiding=”” therein=”” is=”” pleased=”” they=”” allah.=”” this=”” party.=”” do=”” you=”” hear=”” it=”” party=”” that=”” successful=””></these>.”
{Surah al Mujadilah; 58: 22}
The Quran further states:
wيَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِكُمْ وَأَوْلَادِكُمْ عَدُوًّا لَّكُمْ فَاحْذَرُوهُمْ ۚy
“O Believers! Some of your wives and children are your enemies, so beware of them. But, if you pardon them and over look and forgive, then, undoubtedly, Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.”
{Surah al Taghabun; 64: 14}
These Ayahs clarified that the Ayah brought as an Objection refers to Children and Relatives who are Infidels.
Objection 3:
wفَإِذَا نُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ فَلَا أَنسَابَ بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ وَلَا يَتَسَاءَلُون َy
“Then when the Trumpet shall be blown, there shall be no relationships among them, nor will they ask for one another.”
{Surah al Mu’minun; 23: 101}
This Ayah shows that no genealogy is of benefit on the Day of Judgement {‘Qiyamah’} whether they are that of Prophets or that of Friends of Allah {‘Awliya Allah’}. Therefore, there is no difference between Sayyids and Non-Sayyids.
Answer 3:
This Ayah informs about the terror and fear {‘Dahshat’} on the Day of Judgement and the confusion and chaos {‘Afra tafri’} at the time of its starting when there will appear the Justice of the Lord {‘Adal Ilahi’}. One’s love and help for one’s progeny and dear ones would come to an end. Everyone will look after themselves only and no one will think about others. The details of this condition are presented by Allah Almighty  at another place as follows:
wيَوْمَ يَفِرُّ الْمَرْءُ مِنْ أَخِيهِ ﴿٣٤﴾ وَأُمِّهِ وَأَبِيهِ ﴿٣٥﴾ وَصَاحِبَتِهِ وَبَنِيهِ ﴿٣٦﴾ لِكُلِّ امْرِئٍ مِّنْهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ شَأْنٌ يُغْنِيهِ y
“On that Day man will flee from his brother. And from his mother and his father. And from his wife and his sons. Every one of them on that Day has one anxiety that is enough for him.” {Surah al Abasa; 80: 34-37}
This Ayah does not negate the merits and greatness of some genealogies. The greatness of genealogies is another thing and the terror and fear on the Day of Judgement is another thing. At the start of the Day of Judgement, even the other great Prophets will also deny Intercession {‘Shafa’at’}, and except our Rasul Allah  no one would dare to speak before Allah Almighty . So, from this Fear of Allah Almighty , does it become necessary that those Prophets of Allah  have no merits or greatness? Certainly not! And also remember that the terror and fear on the Day of Judgement would be for common Muslims. Some special people or bondsmen of Allah Almighty  would be free from such terror and fear.
The Holy Quran states:
wلَا يَحْزُنُهُمُ الْفَزَعُ الْأَكْبَرُ وَتَتَلَقَّاهُمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ هَـٰذَا يَوْمُكُمُ الَّذِي كُنتُمْ تُوعَدُونَ y
“The great terror shall not grieve them and the Angels will come to greet them (saying) that this is your Day which you were promised.”
{Surah al Ambia; 21: 103}
And it further states:
wأَلَا إِنَّ أَوْلِيَاءَ اللَّـهِ لَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُون َy
“Listen carefully! No doubt, there is no fear nor any grief upon the Friends of Allah.”
{Surah Yunus; 10: 62}
It is established from the Holy Quran that Friendship of Loved ones of Allah  {i.e. ‘Awliya Allah’} with Him will be same on that Day also and will not change! And whereas other friendships will turn into enmities! Allah Almighty  says:
wالْأَخِلَّاءُ يَوْمَئِذٍ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ إِلَّا الْمُتَّقِينَy
“Close friends shall be foes to one another on that Day except the God-fearing.”
{Surah al Zukhruf; 43: 67}
Therefore, the Ayah brought as objection neither proves that there is no greatness of the genealogies of the Prophets in this world nor that they will be of any benefit on the Day of Judgement.
Objection 4:
It is in the Hadith that every one are from the children of Sayyiduna Adam  and Sayyiduna Adam  was created from dust. Therefore, we come to know that all are equal in genealogies and none has any merit over the other!
Answer 4:
The meaning of this Hadith is that, no tribe should consider another tribe or family as dishonourable and disgraceful or bad as the origin of every man is mud. And dust or mud represents Humility and lowliness and due to this it produces fruits and flowers, gardens and farms. Whereas, fire represents Pride and Arrogance, therefore, it produces nothing <i.e. it=”” destroys=””></i.e.> and has no such benefit. This Hadith certainly does not mean that one genealogy does not have Merit over another genealogy, but in fact this Hadith points out that some genealogies are meritorious than other genealogies as the origin of all human race is mud and some dust or mud are meritorious than other mud. The mud of Madinah Munawwarah is meritorious than the mud of other places. The mud or dust of Mosque {‘Masjid’} is meritorious than the mud of market places. The mud or dust which flew from the hoofs of Sayyiduna Jibrail’s  Horse is meritorious and better than the dust which flew due to the hoofs of Pharaoh’s {‘Firaon’s’} horse. The mud of a fertile land is better than the mud of infertile land as nothing grows in it!
Similarly, the mud or dust of people from the genealogies which have connection with the Prophets is more meritorious and better than the mud or dust of people of other genealogies.
It should be noted that mud or dust has the following two characteristics. (i) It always falls towards the earth when it is thrown in the air by some one or is carried into the air due to some other reasons {such as Winds and Storms}. (ii) Mud or dust is always in need of water so that Fruits and Flowers may be grown in it. Similarly, every Human being due to natural inherent causes falls towards lowliness, though sometimes due to the blessings of those who are near to Allah Almighty , one also becomes exalted and receives blessings {‘Fayz’} from Allah Almighty . The respected ‘Sa’adat’ do not have this greatness due to their own personal beings, but in fact they are great because the connection and affiliation {‘Nisbah’} of the Prophet  has made them exalted.
Objection 5:
It is in the Hadith that the Prophet  said:
“O Fatima! Take whatever you want from my wealth for I cannot ward off the punishment of Allah from you.” We come to know from this Hadith that the relation of Rasul Allah  does not even benefit his own daughter. Then how would it benefit other Sayyids? The state of Prophet’s  genealogy is same as is the state of other genealogies.
Answer 5:
This Hadith belongs to the early period of propagation of Islam. The Prophet  is commanding them to bring Faith {‘Iman’}. The objective is to say: “O Fatima! Bring ‘Iman’, if you do not accept ‘Iman’ then all this genealogical relationship will not benefit.” The person who belongs to the genealogy or family of the Prophet  but is not a Believer {‘Mu’min’}, then they are not Sayyids because they are not Muslims. Allah Almighty  says to Sayyiduna Nuh  as follows:
wقَالَ يَا نُوحُ إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ مِنْ أَهْلِكَ ۖ إِنَّهُ عَمَلٌ غَيْرُ صَالِحٍ ۖy
“He said, ‘O Nuh! He is not of your family. No doubt his work is not righteous; …….”
{Surah Hud; 11: 46}
Any ‘Mirzayi’ {Qadiyani}, ‘Rafizi’ {Shiya}, ‘Chakdalvi’ {Ahle Quran} and ‘Wahhabi’ {Ahle Hadith, Deobandi and Jamat Islami} cannot be a Sayyid. Because, for being a Sayyid, Faith and Belief {‘Iman’} is compulsory and these astray people are away from it.  Due to Infidelity {‘Kufr’}, all genealogical relations break away. Therefore, an Infidel {‘Kafir’} cannot marry a Believer {‘Mu’min’}, cannot inherit a Believer’s wealth and cannot be buried in the graveyard of Believers {‘Mu’minin’}. When the Infidel children will not inherit the wealth of a Muslim father, then how is it possible that they can inherit the genealogical Nobility and Greatness of their father. Abu Lahab belongs to the ‘Bani Hashim’ but he does not have any nobility. Therefore, only those respected Sayyids who are Believers {‘Mu’min’} will benefit from the noble genealogy of the Prophet . All Muslims will benefit due to their relation {‘Nisbat’} with the Prophet  in such a way that those who will be destined for Hell will instead go to Heaven and the Sinful will be pardoned or forgiven. When affiliation or relation or connection {‘Nisbat’} with the Prophet  which is Spiritual can benefit then why not Genealogical relation {‘Nasab’} which is both Physical (through Blood ties) and Spiritual?
Allah Almighty  says:
wوَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا لِيُطَاعَ بِإِذْنِ اللَّـهِ ۚ وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ إِذ ظَّلَمُوا أَنفُسَهُمْ جَاءُوكَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُوا اللَّـهَ وَاسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُمُ الرَّسُولُ لَوَجَدُوا اللَّـهَ تَوَّابًا رَّحِيمًاy
“And We did not send any Messenger but that he should be obeyed by Allah’s Will. And when they do injustice to their souls, then O Prophet (Messenger)! They should come to you and then beg forgiveness of Allah and the Messenger should Intercede for them, then surely, they would find Allah Most Relenting, Merciful.”
{Surah an Nisa; 4: 64}
Allah Almighty  says:
wوَمَا كَانَ اللَّـهُ لِيُعَذِّبَهُمْ وَأَنتَ فِيهِمْ ۚ وَمَا كَانَ اللَّـهُ مُعَذِّبَهُمْ وَهُمْ يَسْتَغْفِرُونَy
“And Allah is not One to chastise them, till (O Prophet) you are in their midst. And Allah is not to chastise them, whilst they are begging forgiveness.” {Surah al Anfal; 8: 33}
<sayyiduna anas=”” bin=”” malik=””>  </sayyiduna>narrated that> The Beloved Master  himself says: “My Intercession is for the Major Sinners of my Nation {‘Ummah’}.” {Jami’ Tirmizi, Sunan Abu Dawud and Sunan Ibn Majah}
<sayyiduna imran=”” bin=”” haseen=””>  </sayyiduna>narrated that> The Prophet  also says: “Some people will be brought out from the Hell due to the Intercession of Muhammad. Thus, when they will enter Paradise they will be called the Dwellers of Hell {‘Al Jahimayn’}.” {Sahih Bukhari and Jami’ Tirmizi, Kitab Siffat ul Jahnnam}
The Ayahs and Hadiths on Intercession {‘Shafa’at’} are numerous from which we come to know that every person who dies with Faith {‘Iman’} will certainly become worthy of the Prophet’s  Intercession.
Therefore, the progeny of the Prophet  will certainly benefit from special Intercession {‘Shafa’at’} of the Prophet.

Extracted & Translated from ‘Al Kalam ul Maqbul fi Taharat Nasb ur Rasul’ of Ashraf  ul Mufassirin Hakeem ul Ummah Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khan Ashrafi Nayimi Badayuni by Faqir al Quadri Basharath Ali Siddiqui Ashrafi, Ahl us Sunnah Foundation, Hyd, India.

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